All about endings in Prepositional case in Russian

Here let’s talk about all possible endings in a Prepositional case in Russian!

Quite a large number of masculine nouns which denote inanimate
objects have a special prepositional singular ending (-у´ after hard
consonants, -ю´ when the nominative ends in -й) when they are used
after в оr нa in a locative sense (i.e. when they indicate the place where
sth is situated or happening). In a few cases usage wavers between this
form and the normal ending for such nouns (-e), in which case the
irregular ending may seem more colloquial.

 

в aэропорту´  at the airport
нa бaлу´ at a ball (dance)
нa бeрeгу´ on the bank/shore
нa боку´ on (one’s) side
нa борту´ on board (ship, plane)
в бою´ in battle
в брeду´ in a fever/delirium
в глaзу´ in the eye
в году´ in a year
нa дону´ on the (River) Don
в жaру´ in the heat
нa крaю´ on the edge
в кругу´ in a circle
в Крыму´ in the Crimea
нa лбу´ on (one’s) forehead
в лeсу´ in the forest
нa лугу´ in the meadow
нa льду´ on ice
в мeду´ in honey
в мозгу´ in the brain
нa мосту´ on the bridge
нa носу´ on (one’s) nose
в полку´ in a regiment
нa полу´ on the floor
в порту´ in port
вeсь/вся в поту´ bathed in sweat
в пруду´ in the pool
в рaю´ in paradise
во рту´ in (one’s) mouth
в ряду´ in a row (tier)
в сaду´ in a garden/orchard
в снeгу´ in the snow
в строю´ in service
в углу´ in the corner
в цвeту´ in bloom
в шкaфу´ in the cupboard

 

Note 1 The locative ending in -у ´ is also embodied in various set expressions, e.g.
имe ´ть в виду ´, to have in mind; в про ´шлом году ´, last year; B кото ´ром чaсу ´? At
what time?
2 Not all the nouns in the list above invariably have locative singular in -у ´/´;
in certain meanings or phraseological combinations they may have the regular
ending in –e, e.g. в Крaснодa ´рском крa ´e, in the Krasnodar region; в по ´тe лицa ´,
by the sweat of one’s brow; в цe ´лом ря ´дe слу ´чaeв, in a whole series of instances.
3 The endings -у ´/´ are used only after в and нa, not after the other
prepositions, o, по and при, which may govern the prepositional case (thus в
лeсу ´/крaю ´ but o лe ´сe/крa ´e).
4 Even after в and нa the special locative endings are only used when the
meaning is literally locative, and not in such phrases as знaть толк в лe ´сe, to be
knowledgeable about timber; в Bишнёвом сa ´дe, in ‘The Cherry Orchard’ (i.e.
Che ´khov’s play); в ´хом до ´нe, in ‘Quiet Flows the Don’ (i.e. Shо ´lokhov’s
novel).

 

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